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2020年國家公務員考試申論高分思維是什么

公考資料網 2019/08/08 11:32:17

  在申論學習過程中,很多小伙伴對申論的認識存在諸多誤區:認為申論就是寫作文;申論就是背時事政治熱點;申論就是寫出個性化的評論等。之所以會產生這些這些錯誤的認知,是因為大家對于“申論思維”產生了偏差,沒有把握到學習申論的核心,從而跟“好成績”失之交臂。那么,究竟什么是“申論思維”?,本文公考資料網(http://www.btdfsx.com/)從以下三個方面跟大家進行交流:

  

  一、申論思維是辯證性思維

  

  “申論思維”是一種辯證性思維。在閱讀材料時,要多角度,靈活的分析材料中的觀點和現象。

  

  比如:某種社會現象帶來積極的社會影響的同時,應該結合材料去思考是否存在某種潛在的弊端,往往這種潛藏的弊端正是命題者考察的對象;反之,如果某個當下看似充滿負面影響的社會現象,通過改善相關的外部環境和調節內部環境是否會隱藏著希望,新的希望往往在矛盾中誕生。考生通常會就現象談現象,不會一分為二的去思考,最終抓不到事件的本質。

  

  考試中,辯證性思維往往會出現在:推斷或者評價觀點類和推斷或評價現象類綜合分析題型。這就要求考生要能夠辯證的去評估和權衡,如果只做單一概述,會導致最終答案的要點遺漏,不全面。

  

  例如:中國人民大學C教授認為,“人肉搜索”是一把雙刃劍。請簡要談談你對這句話的理解。

  

  這樣一道推斷觀點的題目,其中“雙刃劍”的理解,就是這道題的解題關鍵所在,“雙刃劍”必然有正面有負面,這就需要審題的時候,辯證性的去思考,從這兩個角度去找出信息點,保證答案的形式和內容符合要求。

  

  二、申論思維是抽象性思維

  

  “申論思維”是一種抽象性思維。是指明確材料中多個要素之間的主次、相互影響,看其定性定量變化的作用,再綜合分析,從而抓住并揭示出其內在變化的規律。

  

  申論考試的材料的主題都是緊緊圍繞“政經文社生”即:政治、經濟、文化、社會、生態五方面來組稿形成試卷的。這也是黨的十八大報告中所提出來的“五位一體”。

  

  例如:從圍繞政治這個主題去考察,可以從能力效率,政府形象,干群關系這三個要素去分析。高效便民,依法行政是能力效率的本質要求;所謂政府形象,體現在百姓心中的公信力;干群關系必然要求干部和廣大群眾的關系是和諧的。明確這三個要素是如何互相影響的,再綜合分析揭示其內在變化規律,才能全面準確的理解五位一體中,政治層面的考察內涵,符合命題者的考察目的。

  

  因此,我們需要運用抽象的“申論思維”,把命題者鑲嵌在材料中的信息點,概括歸納抽象出來,并盡量去還原命題者的命題思路。還原程度越相似,考生得分也就越高。

  

  三、申論思維是邏輯性思維

  

  申論的材料是“根”,是所有題目的答案來源。在閱讀材料候需要有“材料意識”和“問題意識”。

  

  申論材料往往圍繞一個主題下的,多個要素展開的。最終形成完整的邏輯鏈條,這條邏輯鏈條也就是貫穿申論學習始終的靈魂。這條邏輯鏈條完整的呈現就是,一個主題下的:成績,問題,表現,危害,意義,影響,原因,對策等要素。其中,成績和問題通過某種社會現象來表現;危害和意義產生積極或消極影響。

  

  申論材料圍繞“人”或“事”來闡述,從大綱角度申論最終是要考察大家解決實際問題的能力。其間,貫穿了閱讀理解能力、綜合分析能力、提出和解決問題能力、文字表達能力和貫徹執行能力。

  

  因此,最終落腳點在提出具有針對性的對策上。那么,對策之前必然會有存在問題,這是體現針對性,問題往往通過一定的社會現象來表現,好的存在積極的影響,去借鑒學習;不好的帶來負面的影響,去吸取教訓。影響之后我們要去尋找原因。反之亦然,這就是“申論思維”的邏輯鏈條。

  

  這樣思考,可以幫助同學們把握住材料的脈絡,形成清晰的邏輯思路,讓答案從形式和內容上更加趨向于命題者的要求。

  

在申論學習中“申論思維”是在緊扣給定資料的基礎上,融會貫通去學習。同學們只有養成良好的“申論思維”才能在申論學習的開始階段打下良好的基礎,為后面學習中的“申論能力”做好鋪墊。


公考資料網提醒考生:機會是有限的,考生一定要抓住每次得之不易的機會,從現在開始全面準備。如果備考抓不住重點,不知道如何提升,建議考生使用必勝公考APP(點擊下載)進行備考,歷年真題庫刷題、免費視頻課直播課并有名師在線答疑解惑,幫助考生快速提高學習成績,實現高分突破!


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