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申論寫作技巧:策論文高手的“致勝思路”

公考資料網 2019/08/13 15:59:01

  策論文是申論文章寫作非常重要的一種類型,是以政策、時事熱點為寫作內容的議論文,與我們平時寫的議論文的要求基本相同,同樣需要具備論點、論據、論證,缺一不可。但它也有其鮮明的特點,策論文通常針對某一社會問題立論后,論證過程必須要有解決問題的具體辦法措施。那么,要想寫好一篇策論文,需要怎么做呢?如何安排行文思路呢?公考資料網建議如下:

  

  首先,立意最重要。不論寫什么樣的議論文,立意都是核心,緊扣題干、依托材料。題干就是寫作的眼睛、文章主旨的窗戶,看不透題干,寫作時就猶如霧里看花,寫著寫著就會信馬由韁。因此,必須先對題干抽絲剝繭,分析關鍵詞的關系,再根據材料,梳理每則材料大意,看看材料里都反映了什么問題、給出了什么對策、講了哪些經驗,合并出分論點,每個分論點都是一個對策,共同支撐起總論點,也就是文章的核心話題,一個總的大對策。例如:總論點是必須重視教育公平,分論點分別是教育公平要優化資源配置、教育公平要制定科學政策、教育公平要加大教育投入。

  

  其次,開頭要簡潔。策論文的開頭不需要長篇贅述,更不需要過分花哨,而是要簡潔明了的指出文章話題當前現存的一些問題,進而邏輯清晰的闡明這些問題產生原因或背景或影響,進而給出解決方案,也就是文章總的論點。但是不能忽視語言的規范性,要有“官樣”,使用書面語,可以嘗試引用習總書記講話,主要是因為很多考生在描述社會問題時,常常會不由自主的使用一點日常口語,這個壞習慣一定要改。

  

  然后,論證有技巧。策論文不同于政論文,政論文的論證側重于分析意義、重要性,分析的深刻性決定了論證的水平,而策論文論證的過程卻有不同,雖然也要分析,但目的主要是為了推導出對策,比如分論點是教育公平要優化資源配置,接下來就要簡單陳述一下教育資源分配不均的基本現狀或者舉出一些熱點案例,緊接著分析其帶來的影響或者產生此問題的原因,然后總結出具體如何優化教育資源分配,大概要寫三行左右,這是策論文的一個典型特征,就是要有很鮮明的對策、建議。

  

  最后,結尾得總結。文章結尾要對全文總結,總體闡述一下前文所提的解決辦法,然后適當升華主旨,形成首尾呼應,切不可過度拔高。不少考生經常上升到中國夢、中華民族偉大復興上,這些就過于宏大、空泛了。


其實學申論最重要的一點,在于你能否掌握學習的技巧。那么怎么掌握更多的技巧和方法呢?這個問題還得由公考申論名師來告訴大家了!趕快下載必勝公考APP聽申論技巧吧!

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