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搞懂這兩點,申論逆襲不是夢

公考資料網 2019/08/14 10:52:28

  “得申論者得天下,得作文者得申論”,申論考試中,文章寫作常為考生作答的攔路虎,尤其是文章論證部分更是難以下筆。尤其現在的國省考,皆要求文章寫作需要側重“分析論證”,淡化“對策措施”,因此,文章論證部分寫作更要出彩,方能獲得閱卷者青睞,力拔頭籌,笑傲眾人。有鑒于此,公考資料網在此就文章論證為廣大考生支招。

  

  一、論據充分,雄辯有力

  

  論據為議論文三要素之一,何為論據,指的是證明觀點正確性的素材、材料。常言道“巧婦難為無米之炊”,文章寫作缺乏論據,將導致文章過于平淡,毫無說服力,只有大量論據的堆砌,才能讓文章內容充實,才能增強論證說服能力。論據來源,不拘泥于給定資料,可以從前方給定資料中提煉,亦可以動員學員自身的知識儲備,因此學員應讀懂讀透材料,善于從材料中挖掘有用素材,靈活玩轉材料,為己所用。需要注意的是,素材可使用材料中的素材,但忌諱原文照抄,需要進行語言的調整、換述,這樣才能避免照搬材料的嫌疑。

  

  論據類型有兩種,其一為道理論據,其二為事例論證。道理論證即為人類智慧的結晶,被世人所公認的觀點,例如名言警句、原理效應、領導人講話、法律法規等;事例論據即為典型例證,“事實勝于雄辯”,已存在的既定現實,其說服力不言而言,“古今中外、名人軼事、社會熱點”皆可以成為事例論據。但需要提醒廣大考生的一個注意事項,事例論據一定要做到典型、有針對性,倘若積累豐富的考生,也可以適當追求例證的新穎性,做到“見人所未見,想人所未想”,更能吸引閱卷者的眼球。

  

  二、論證多樣,深刻有效

  

  論證,即為證明觀點正確性的方法、方式。只有方法恰當,才能發揮論據的效果。論證過程最好能夠使用多種論證方式,增強論證能力。比如可靈活使用事例論證、道理論證、正反對比論證等方式。廣大考生需要靈活掌握各類論證方式,最好做到有理有據,密切配合,既有道理論證,又有事例論證,它們彼此關照,有機結合,密切聯系,共同為論點服務,這是使議論文充實有力的主要方法。


其實學申論最重要的一點,在于你能否掌握學習的技巧。那么怎么掌握更多的技巧和方法呢?這個問題還得由公考申論名師來告訴大家了!趕快下載必勝公考APP聽申論技巧吧!

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