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申論指導:找準立意不跑題

公考資料網 2019/08/14 11:00:20

  有一部分考生對于申論備考是比較“頭疼的”,究其根源在于申論考試有著材料長不好理解,作答字數多答題沒思路。而更多的考生反映申發論述也就是作文的寫作是他們認為的難點。作文部分總分值占到40分之多,是贏得高分的關鍵,所以作文部分的學習是至關重要的。今天,公考資料網就文章寫作最基礎也是最關鍵的部分——申論作文應該如何立意才能不跑題。

  

  首先,要明確立意的概念和重要性。立意是文章的中心思想,包括了總論點和分論點。而申論作文的基礎分數是通過立意來決定的。立意不跑題能拿到二類以上的分數,如果跑題了就只能是三類或四類的文章。作文這一個題型就會有5-10分的差距。因此,寫作的前提便是從材料中確定寫作立意。

  

  其次,要了解立意的基本要求。立意要符合我們國家的主流價值觀,不能偏激。另外,還要符合題干要求和材料內容,滿足題干得要求,并且符合材料的中心思想。也就是說,立意不跑題的關鍵就是我們要把握好材料和題干,二者缺一不可。

  

  接下來,就是確定立意的方法了,這也是我們把握立意這一部分的核心。

  

  第一步,仔細審題。要通過審題審清題干中對于主題的限定、題目的要求、以及話題的內容等主要內容,找出關鍵詞。這樣有利于我們快速的確定主題詞和角度,在考場上實現事半功倍的效果。

  

  第二步,閱讀材料。要先確定核心材料,包括了題干限定的范圍,總結性材料等。通過核心材料找關鍵詞和關鍵句。關鍵詞一般是主題詞等較為核心的詞匯,關鍵句一般是總結性的句子。通過對于重點材料的閱讀,能夠初步判定總論點。

  

  第三步,整合材料。最后要通過通篇整理材料內容,每一則材料的大意要進行高度的概括,這樣有利于進一步確定總分論點。可以通過非作文題目和概括每一段的段落大意的方法來整合材料內容。

  

  除此之外,建議各位考生在備考的時候多關注一些時政熱點和理論熱點內容。因為申論材料具有時效性,這樣能夠幫助各位考生更好的理解材料,找準立意。


其實學申論最重要的一點,在于你能否掌握學習的技巧。那么怎么掌握更多的技巧和方法呢?這個問題還得由公考申論名師來告訴大家了!趕快下載必勝公考APP聽申論技巧吧!

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